> World Bank: WDR: Digital Opprentities > UNCTAD: IER – Harnessing the Potential of E-Commerce in Developing Countries > ITC magazine: e-commerce in developing countries > ITU: Measuring the Economy of information > OECD: Digital: Digital Economy Perspectives > INTERNATIONAL TRADE CENTRE: E Business Tools > UNCITRAL: Standard Laws > The Broadband Commission for Digital Development: The State of Broadband in 2015 > WEF : Global Information Technology Report > Tufts University: Digital Evolution Index > EU: Digital Economic and Society Index (DESI) > APEC – MSMEs Initiative The work programme was adopted in September 1998, which was adopted by four WTO bodies, which discussed specific trade-related issues related to e-commerce and the applicability of existing WTO agreements4 The Council for Trade in Services; Council for Trade in Goods; Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) and Committee for Trade and Development. These four bodies should consider the following issues: In a series of discussions that took place from 2001 to 2003, members failed to reach consensus on these two cross-cutting issues. In addition, there was a deadlock on the procedural issue of changing the mandate of the work programme. While some countries supported the continuation of the work programme on the basis of several unresolved issues, others supported the creation of an additional body to examine cross-cutting issues in a more formal way. These three issues have paralyzed discussions in the General Council11. No progress was made until the tenth Ministerial Conference held in Nairobi in 2015.12 The Trade in Goods Council told the General Council that, given the outstanding issues, the work within the Council cannot go any further.13 , discussions on e-commerce were totally absent from trips Council meetings from 2003 to 2016.16 create a strong, rules-based framework for e-commerce and digital commerce. A future WTO e-commerce agreement should create a more open, transparent and predictable global digital trade framework in which Canadian businesses and consumers can operate. During their negotiations on the various e-commerce issues, members were encouraged by the co-organizers to explore the unique opportunities and challenges faced by members, including developing and least developed countries, as well as small businesses. WTO negotiations on aspects of e-commerce began in Davos in January 2019, with the participation of 76 members. The number of participating members is now 86. Participating members strive to achieve a high-level outcome, based on existing WTO agreements and frameworks, with the participation of as many WTO members as possible. The e-commerce initiative was launched on the sidelines of the 11th WTO Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires. Ministers discussed the e-commerce agenda at their ministerial conferences in Geneva in 1998; Doha 2001; Hong Kong 2005; Geneva in 2009; Geneva 2011; Bali 2013; Nairobi 2015; Buenos Aires 2017.
At these conferences, ministers read the e-commerce reports and instructed the General Council and its relevant subsidiary bodies to continue their work in the field of e-commerce. Ministers also agreed to continue the practice of non-collecting tariffs on electronic transmissions until their next session. At the December 2019 General Council meeting, members decided to continue the work programme and moratorium until the 12th Ministerial Conference. The WTO has an important role to play in defining a set of global trade rules in support of the digital economy. Recognizing the growing importance of e-commerce and digital commerce – and the need for global trade rules in this area – Canada and other WTO members made a joint statement at a